Exodus 12 Passover to Exodus 20 Pentecost
YaHuWaH’s Elegant Calendar
YaHuWaH’s Calendar addresses all components for the Day, Month and Year – according to YaHuWaH’s divine design (not man’s traditions).
This study introduces month-start and month-length.
Exodus 12 – 1st Month
Preparation for Egyptian Deliverance
– Passover –
This is a very important chapter. Everything starts right here for understanding the month-start.
However, we cannot be firm about all dates until we work to the end of Exodus 19 with information from the 3rd month.
Remember, we are using the calculations of 30 days/month according to the information given in Genesis 7-8:
- 5 months = 150 days
- Gen 7:11; 8:4 & Gen 7:24 & 8:3
Important note about the placement of Passover
Abib 1 must begin on Wednesday, the 4th day of the week (in THIS year  ONLY).
This selection has not been ‘pulled out of thin air’.
Such a placement is divinely appointed by YaHuWaH with the command of ‘3 day’s travel’ to accurately determine several appointed times in this study such as:
- ‘weekday’ of Exodus 12 Passover
- ‘manna week’ of Exodus 16
- ‘Pentecost date’ of Exodus 19 (which will also confirm the ‘Firstfruits date’ of Exodus 12)
Scriptural Clues to Discover Timing
YaHuWaH does not repeat things of ‘no great consequence’.
Remember Pharaoh’s dream of the 7 cows and 7 heads of grain in Genesis 41:17-31 indicating the 7 years of plenty, then the 7 years of famine.
Genesis 41:32 then says: And the dream was repeated to Pharaoh twice because the thing is established by YaHuWaH and YaHuWaH will shortly bring it to pass.
If a command that is repeated twice is important, what about a command that is repeated 3 times?
A Command Given by YaHuWaH 3 Times
In preparation for the flight from Egypt, the ‘the length of the departure’ is given THREE times with the reason as to why.
1st command in Exodus 3:18 – YaHuWaH tells Moses: Ye shall say unto him, The [Elohim] of the Hebrews hath met with us: and now let us go, we beseech thee, three days’ journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to our [Elohim].
2nd command in Exodus 5:3 is from Moses to Pharaoh: And they [Moses and Aaron] said, The [Elohim] of the Hebrews hath met with us; let us go, we pray thee, three days’ journey into the desert and sacrifice unto [YaHuWaH our Elohim]; lest
3rd command in Exodus 8:27 is Moses’ reminder to Pharaoh: We [Yisra’El] will go three days’ journey into the wilderness, and sacrifice to [YaHuWaH our Elohim], as he shall command us.
YaHuWaH’s Command is Very Specific
YaHuWaH fully intended a minimum of three cycles (days) of travel for the Hebrew nation before they were required to SAFELY SACRIFICE to Him.
This point is extremely crucial to recognize.
But Pharaoh suggested another option.
What did Pharaoh Suggest?
Exodus 8:25 Pharaoh then called for Moses and Aaron, and said, Go, slaughter to your Elohim in the land.
Exodus 8:26 It is not right to do so, for we would be slaughtering the abomination of the Egyptians to YaHuWaH our Elohim. See, if we slaughter the abomination of the Egyptians before their eyes, would they not stone us?
Exodus 8:27 Let us go three days’ journey into the wilderness, then we shall slaughter to YaHuWaH our Elohim,
AS HE COMMANDS US.
Why? The sacrificing of animals ‘in the land’ [that were considered sacred by the Egyptians] would be a serious offense to them.
YaHuWaH knew Yisra’El would need 3 cycles of travel, before any sacrificing to eliminate addition problems.
Under high stress created by YaHuWaH, Pharaoh accepted this reasoning but only after losing his son and the nation’s firstborn of each home.
The Next Important Consideration
In order to have 3 cycles of travel into the wilderness, without violating the weekly Sabbath, it is impossible for Passover to land on cycles 4 to 7 (or Wed, Thurs, Fri and Sabbath).
- The following Scriptural evidence will show beyond any doubt that the Passover of Moses was celebrated on Tuesday; with departure on Wednesday morning.
How can we know for sure?
By the placement of:
- the day of departure;
- 3 days of travel;
- the time of crossing the Red Sea;
- determining which day is the Sabbath;
- the placement of Firstfruits for the purpose of …
- the 50 day Omer Count to Pentecost.
Promises of Deliverance From the Egyptians
Exodus 14:9 And the Egyptians pursued them, and all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen and his army, and overtook them camping by the sea beside Pi Hahiroth … [This is on Abib 17].
Exodus 14:13 And Moses said to the people, “Do not be afraid. Stand still, and see the deliverance of YaHuWaH, which He does for you today. (Abib 17) For the Egyptians whom you see today (Abib 17), you are never, never to see again.
Note: Sunset theory claims the day begins at sunset.
- When will the salvation of YaHuWaH occur?
- Will salvation be realized before the sunset (on Abib 17) … or
- Will Yisrael’s experience of ‘Salvation Today’ actually be realized at the break of Dawn, the true ending of the ‘today’ … on the 17th?
MOST IMPORTANTLY … 4) WILL THE SCRIPTURES TELL US EXACTLY WHAT ‘DAY’ YISRA’EL WAS DELIVERED, SO THERE IS ABSOLUTELY NO MISUNDERSTANDING”
- IS YAHUWAH’S CALENDAR THAT PRECISE?
Patterns in the Scriptures Are Abundant
- There are many that believe our Messiah dies on a Friday cross.
- They also believe this is supported with a Friday Passover in Exodus 12.
- They believe this because it seems to be a pattern.
Is there any possible way the Exodus 12 Passover could have been on a Friday?
Let’s examine the evidence one more time.
Song of Moses and Song of Miriam
- Red Sea crossing all night with YaHuWaH’s bright cloud guiding the way must have been exciting.
- Deliverance from the Egyptians just before DAWN must have been exciting.
- Is there any wonder Exodus 25 records the Song of Moses and the Song of Miriam?
- Abib 18 on the other side of the Red Sea was the weekly 7th Day Sabbath.
- It was a day of Praise and worship. Exodus 15:20 records all the women went after Miriam with timbrels and dancing.
Question: Do you think the people were traveling on the Sabbath? Absolutely not! Not when the ladies are celebrating the recent deliverance and salvation.
Exodus 16 – 2nd Month
Arrival of Quail the 1st Time
– Manna Week –
- We have not established with clarity the timing of Passover in the month of Abib yet.
- Exodus 16 has the next timing clue.
- In this 2nd month, we are still counting the Omer weeks, looking for 7 completed weeks before Pentecost.
- Next is an investigation of the exact ‘day’ and ‘date’ for the arrival of quail and manna in the 2nd month (Zif).
- Exodus 16:1 declares Yisra’El entered the Wilderness of Sin on the 15th day of the 2nd
- Counting 30 days from Wednesday Abib 15 we can pinpoint with exactness which day they arrived in the Wilderness of Sin. (We are still implementing an assumption!)
- Remember, there is no traveling on the 7th day Sabbath, ever!
What was the Murmuring all About?
Exodus 16:3 And the children of Yisra’El said unto them [Moses and Aaron], Would to YaHuWaH we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when w sat by the fleshpots, and when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger. KJV
- Clearly, the complaining has something to do with the fleshpots!
- This term appears only once in the Scriptures.
- Yisra’El had ‘flesh’ in the form of ‘clean meats’ all around them in the herds of livestock including bulls, oxen, heifers, goats, lambs, etc. Could they not have helped themselves at any time?
- Apparently not!
- Why not?
Qualifications of Sacrificial Animals
- The life of the Hebrew people revolved somewhat around the sacrifices. Every man, without exception, was responsible for their part and the men with families were also responsible for the entire family.
- In the Levitical laws, if a family desired flesh for a meal, they were required to offer the animal at the Tabernacle as a sacrifice to Elohim as the primary step before eating the flesh. Clearly, every meal of flesh was a type of sacrifice of some sort.
- Question: Would this mean that the ‘sacrificial animals’ (before the Exodus) would have been offered first at the individual family alter before partaking of it for dinner table food?
- Is this a requirement of Covenant? … of the Law of the Altar?
- Would the sacrifices that Abraham prepared in Genesis 15 be a clue?
Laws for Using Sacrificial Animals as Food
Leviticus 17:3, 4, 6 What man soever there be of the house of Yisra’El, that killeth an ox, or lamb, or goat, in the camp, or that killeth it out of the camp, 4 and bringeth it not unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, to offer an offering unto YaHuWaH before the tabernacle of the LORD; blood shall be imputed unto that man; he hath shed blood; and that man shall be cut off from among his people. 6 And the priest shall sprinkle the blood upon the altar of YaHuWaH at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and burn the fat for a sweet savor unto YaHuWaH. KJV
- The specific sacrificial animals mentioned are the ox, or lamb, or goat.
- Could it be these specific sacrificial animals were not considered the fleshpots of Egypt?
Was Yisra’El clamoring for quail as the fleshpots of Egypt?
A Few Facts About Quail
- The quail is known for its very tender, juicy meat – delicate to the desires of taste buds.
- The spring was also the time of the year that quail migrate north in large numbers.
- Due to the long migration path, and being a heavy bird, they tire easily, will fly low to the ground, and can be easily caught.
- They also fly in large groups – sort of like locusts … bedding down for the night just before sundown, resting in groups of 75+ for safety.
- Quail delicacies were an Egyptian treat in the spring of the year. They were easy to catch and easily preserved by drying in the hot sun.
- Could this information fit the context of fleshpots?
- Quail are not mentioned as one of the listed sacrificial animals that would first have to be offered as a sacrifice before partaking of it.
The quail arrive to satisfy the ‘flesh pot’ desires of the people. Arrival of the quail would be typical for this time of the year.
The quail arrive on the Sabbath Zif 16 and are devoured the same day!
How do we reconcile the fact that Quail arrived on Sabbath, and the people are promised they will eat them before the Sabbath day ends at DAWN the next day?
Is this a violation of the weekly Sabbath?
Arrival of the Quail (before the Manna)
- Like most other fowl, quail typically bed down for the night just shortly before sundown. They usually do not ‘roost’ but will huddle together in large groups of 75 other quail for protection. Feeding times are normally early in the morning, and evening.
- It is very reasonable to understand the arrival of the quail in the evening hours of the day. Flying low, they would be easy to catch.
- It is also obvious there was ‘work involved’ to catch, kill, and cook the quail on the Sabbath hours that did not end till the DAWN of the next day.
- Did YaHuWaH ‘tempt His people’ or just ‘answer their charge’ that it was His responsibility to take care of them, even if it was to fulfill their sinful desires they had been clamoring for?
- Often YaHuWaH gives us what we ask for, even when it is not best for us. It’s quite obvious these rebellious people were working on the Sabbath. At this point, it seems they cared little about the set-apartness of the Sabbath.
- The passage is clear on identifying this problem is with Yisra’El, not just the great multitude of the Egyptians. This was the reason why YaHuWaH had to implement the week of manna structure. They simply did not know the proper way to observe the Sabbath.
Was Quail Preparation a Violation of Sabbath?
- Let’s read the following verse first:
- Exodus 16:23 And he said unto them, This is that which YaHuWaH hath said, Tomorrow is the rest of the set-apart Sabbath unto YaHuWaH: bake that which ye will bake today, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning. KJV
- Moses gave very strict commands for Sabbath observance regarding food preparation. Absolutely, no cooking or baking!
- The complete Sabbath day cycle is from Sabbath DAWN to the break of DAWN on the 1st However, Quails were available for cooking during the Day Season of the Sabbath evening hours.
- According to these instructions, it appears Yisra’El was in violation of dishonoring the Sabbath, with the quail preparations. However, the context of verse 23 is 6 days later, given on Zif 22. The quail arrived on Zif 16.
- The question is this: Even if ‘some’ of Yisra’El knew about these Sabbath requirements, would YaHuWaH hold all of them responsible (for complete Sabbath observance) when His full instructions had not been given yet?
- Or would He ‘wink’ at their ignorance this time?
- No, He did not wink, because He had not given them full instructions yet.
This completes Section #2 and a few of the high points for the 2nd month to demonstrate the perfect Manna Week.
Manna fell for the first time on the 1st day of the week, so six days of gathering was completed before the Sabbath, establishing the pattern in the Creation week.
Let’s review this information on the Abib and Zif calendars before we move to Sivan – the 3rd month.
Notice, both months have 30 days/month.
This never happens with the Lunar Calendar or the Roman Calendar!
Exodus 19 – 3rd Month
Preparation for Receiving the Torah
– Pentecost –
- We have not established with clarity the timing of Passover in the month of Abib yet.
- Exodus 16 had the 2nd timing clue with the arrival of the manna.
- In this 3rd month, we will be completing the count for the Omer weeks, looking for 7 completed weeks before Pentecost.
- Next is an investigation of the exact ‘day’ and ‘date’ of Yisra’El’s arrival into the Wilderness of Sinai, and the exact ‘day’ and ‘date’ of the 50th day – Pentecost, also declaring the dating of Firstfruits!
- Calendar Clues: Exodus 9:1 states Yisra’El entered the Wilderness of Sinai on a very specific day of the 3rd month.
YaHuWaH’s Covenant Instructions for the Count from Firstfruits to Pentecost
Leviticus 23:15-16 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the Sabbath [H7676], from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven Sabbaths shall be complete: Even unto the morrow after the seventh Sabbath shall ye number fifty days …
Even though these instructions were written after Exodus 19, they are part of YaHuWaH’s Covenant from the beginning.
Because Firstfruits follows the H7676 weekly Sabbath, Pentecost will also follow the H7676 weekly Sabbath.
We’ve completed this part of the study, so let’s see if we really can determine the days and dates for Passover, Firstfruits, the Manna Week and Pentecost.
Facts for the Calendar Count from Exodus 12 Passover to Exodus 19 Pentecost
- The timing for Sivan 8th – the day of Pentecost is perfect.
- We can now work the calendar timing from Passover ‘forward’ (or from Pentecost ‘backwards’) to establish the exact ‘days of the week’ and ‘dates of the month’ for all the important events from Exodus 12 to Exodus 19.
- Passover on Abib 14 must be on a Tuesday, to allow for three days’ travel before the Sabbath.
- The proper placement of Firstfruits is on Abib 19, the day following the weekly Sabbath in the week of the spring festival. (There is also a very strong witness in the Joshua study for the exact and proper placement of Firstfruits every year.)
- Firstfruits begins the 50 day count towards Pentecost, which must also be placed on the day following the weekly Sabbath.
- Exodus 16 tells us the exact ‘day and date’ of the arrival of the quail and the first 6 days of the Manna week. Indeed, the Manna is gathered for a full 6 days, verifying the lesson, ‘gather 5 days, and double on the 6th day … and no gathering on the Sabbath’.
- Exodus 19 have us several clues as to exactly when Yisra’El entered the Wilderness of Sinai, and when they arrived at the foot of Mt Sinai. The very specific clues that were given to Moses on his trips up Mt Sinai were”
- ‘today, tomorrow and the 3rd day’ – be ready for the 3rd day!
- The 3rd day was Pentecost.