Roman Reckoning of Time

Matthew 27 and John 19

What was Pilate’s wife’s comment about this event that reveals when their cycle started?

We are going to look into a very small detail of timing in the Brit Chadashah.

This ‘small detail’ – The Roman Reckoning – of when the 24 hour cycle begins takes up a minuscule piece of the Scripture. Yet its bearing on Scripture is massive.

There are only TWO methods of calculating the start of the day that can be found written in the Scriptures.

  1. DAWN: the new 24 hour cycle starts at Dawn (that is the twilight period just prior to sunrise).
  2. Roman Reckoning – we will be examining this method here.

You will note these studies try to refrain from using the word ‘day’ as translated from the original Hebrew word <yom>. The word ‘day’ loses a massive amount of definitive correctness in its ambiguous definitions. ‘Day’ can indicate 12 or 24 hours, day or night or both!

To understand the Scriptures correctly we need accuracy. When referring to a 24 hour segment of time, these studies give preference to the word cycle in place of day. When quoting Scripture, or citing the Sabbath Day, you will see ‘day’ used in this study. The 24 hour cycle is further defined to pinpoint the two seasons.

Please take a moment to familiarize yourself with the terms ‘cycle’ and ‘season’ below.

  1. Cycle > 24 hours containing the two seasons as:
    • Light Season – H216 <awr> and Night Season – H3915 <layil>
  2. Season > H6256 – ‘eth 12 hour blocks of time as:
    • Light Season or Night Season
    • See Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 33:20-25 for Scripture support.













Mat 27:19  And as he [Pilate] was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent to him, saying, “Have none at all to do with that righteous Man, for I have suffered much today in a dream because of Him.”

Question: What time did Pilate ‘sit down on the judgment seat’?


Joh 19:13  Therefore, when Pilate heard these words, he brought יהושע out and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called Pavement, but in Heḇrew, Gabbatha.

Joh 19:14  And it was the Preparation Day of the Passover week, and about the sixth hour. And he said to the Yehuḏim, “See your Sovereign!”

Aren’t there some texts that talk about the sixth hour in another context?

Luke 23 tells us that Yahusha was already on the stake for a few hours and that a few events had occurred, including: the parting of His clothes, offering Yahusha vinegar, the sign placed above Him claiming who Yahusha was and very importantly the conversation of the thief and Yahusha where Yahusha promised him forgiveness and a place in Heaven.

Then Luke 23:44 claims that it was the sixth hour at that point! Matthew and Mark are in agreement with this (See Matthew 27:45; Mark 15:33).


Let’s check the documented sixth hour events and then compare John 19:14 to Luke 23:44, Matt 27:45 and Mark 15:33 to see if there is an obvious contradiction between John and the first three gospels.

Mat 27:45  And from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land, until the ninth hour.

Mar 15:33  And when the sixth hour came, darkness came over all the land until the ninth hour.

Luk 23:44  And it was now about the sixth hour, and darkness came over all the land, until the ninth hour.

What does John record as being on the sixth hour?

Joh 19:14  And it was the Preparation Day of the Passover week, and about the sixth hour. And he said to the Yehuḏim, “See your Sovereign!”

Joh 19:15  But they shouted, “Away, away, impale Him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I impale your Sovereign?” The chief priests answered, “We have no sovereign except Caesar!”

Joh 19:16  At that time, then, he delivered Him to them to be impaled. And they took יהושע and led Him away.

As you compare these four gospel accounts, does it appear that John’s witness is saying something different than Matthew, Mark and Luke?

This is not the contradiction it appears to be!!!

What ‘time’ is this sixth hour that John was writing about?

We know for certain that Matthew, Mark and Luke were counting the hours in the Scriptural style designed from Zion. That is: Dawn – being zero hour and the count begins at the 1st hour mark, to the following Dawn, which then ends the 24th hour and the two seasons in that cycle.

What/Where was John counting from? For this answer we must examine the very first verse we read > Matthew 27:19. Here it is again.

Mat 27:19  And as he [Pilate] was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent to him, saying, “Have none at all to do with that righteous Man, for I have suffered much today in a dream because of Him.”

When did Pilate’s wife’s cycle start?

  • What type of ‘DAY’ was Pilate’s wife talking about? Pilate and his wife were Roman citizens living in the Roman theme. Pilate’s wife had a dream in ‘this DAY’! We know that Yahusha was in their ‘kangaroo court’ that night. It was early morning when Pilate was interrogating Yahusha.
  • For Pilate’s wife to have a dream prior to this particular morning, and claim it to be on the exact same ‘DAY’ as when Pilate seated himself in the judgment seat, it is necessary that Pilate’s wife had the dream AFTER MIDNIGHT AND BEFORE DAWN. Why? Let’s find out when we examine the next chart! But first, note the following important statements:
  • Dawn and Roman Reckoning will justify two verses and two people at the same time!
  • However, this is only the start! It will go further, after the chart!


























It is now very clear where the confusion can arise from, if one does not understand this concept that is plainly written in the Scriptures. Once it is pointed out it becomes very easy to understand and also answers MANY QUESTIONS ABOUT THE SCRIPTURES.

Now: count 29 more verses following John 19:14 and we find what I think is one of the most convoluted texts in all of the Scriptures. The dragon definitely wants this text MISUNDERSTOOD.

Let’s examine it carefully.

Joh 20:1  And on the first day of the week Miryam from Maḡdala came early to the tomb, while it was still dark, and saw that the stone had been removed from the tomb.

If it was still dark and the first cycle of the week, how can DAWN start the cycles of the week?

These words – first day of the week, while it was still dark, have become one of the most prolific portions of the Brit Chadashah to promote a 1st day (Sun-day) resurrection. Thus promoting the worship concept for remembrance of the resurrection of SUN-day. Thinking in the Pharisees’ tradition of sunset to sunset dogmatic theory, these words definitely, without doubt, insure a 1st day resurrection… the Dragon’s most desired deceptive day for the resurrection!

But wait a minute and consider the examples in the charts displayed. This test was inspired by Divine power and written in Scripture for our benefit. Should we pay attention? Does the word ‘Salvational’ encourage you to pay attention? It should!

When Mary went to the tomb on the ‘first day of the week’ (John 20:1):

  1. Was it the night season of the 7th cycle, JUST BEFORE DAWN?
  2. Was it the first cycle of the week (Sunday in pagan terms) like the world wants to insist upon because Roman Reckoning begins each new day at midnight?

Question for John 20:1 >>

  • Because John was recording events in Roman Reckoning, will this new information make a difference when we try to identify exactly which cycle of the week it was when Mary actually arrived at the tomb in the dark?
  • You may already know the answer! However a chart will still be presented for you to be certain.
  • At this point we are assuming you have read the former studies and understand the truth of a 4th cycle (Wednesday) crucifixion, the ‘3 days and 3 nights’ or 72 complete hours from Wednesday at the 9th Also understanding this truth reveals to us a Sabbath afternoon (after three days) resurrection for our Saviour, Yahusha.














  • Box #1 is recognizing YaHuWaH’s Divine Pattern (Notice the placement of the blue arrow).
  • Box #2 is recognizing John’s documentation using Roman Reckoning (Notice the placement of the red arrow).
  • Both arrows arrive at the same point in time, for the exact same event. It’s just a different system of gauging time.
  • Do you think there is a reason for these 2 very different systems of time calculation to be recorded in the gospels?

Can we compare this two point identifying system to our modern day GPS systems that use multiple satellites to pinpoint a physical location?

Then why can’t Yahusha allow two separate time gauging systems written in the Scriptures to positively pinpoint one particular ‘Hyper-Important Time’ in history for ultimate accuracy?

So, was it Sunday, the 1st cycle of the week, when Mary arrived at the tomb to find Yahusha was ALREADY MISSING? There are two correct answers for this question. How about that?

  1. According to Zion’s Standard Time: This was not the 1st cycle of the week. Rather, it was near the finish of the Sabbath Night Season, the 7th
  2. According to Roman Reckoning: Yes it was already Sun-day, the 1st cycle of the week. The Romans calculated the first hour of their 24 hour cycle beginning at midnight, this them would have been about the 6th hours of Sun-day or 6 AM.

This now brings us to another very disputed verse from John 20:19.

Question: What evening was is when the disciples met with the doors shut for fear of the Jews? Was it Sunday the 1st Night Season, or was it (Monday) the 2nd Night Season of the week?

Joh 20:19  When therefore it was evening on that day, the first day of the week, and when the doors were shut where the taught ones met, for fear of the Yehuḏim, יהושע came and stood in the midst, and said to them, “Peace to you.”

Here we see that by using the two different methods of time keeping (Dawn Design and Roman Reckoning) it resulted in the very same conclusion – that this incident took place on the first cycle of the week.

Yes it was indeed the first cycle of the week – IN BOTH CASES – for according to –

  1. Dawn Design: the 24 hour cycle started at Dawn
  2. Roman Reckoning: the 24 hour cycle started at Midnight

Therefore there is no conflict at all with this verse. John was writing to a Roman readership. He was meeting them on their ground. It was indeed the very same cycle as when Miryam went to the tomb and found it empty.













Since YaHuWaH’s cycles always exchange at Dawn and the Roman cycles exchange at midnight, the sunset moment has no effect on the timing in this verse, or any other gospel verse.

Emphasis: Sunset has zero effect!!!

Ultimately it will settle down to your decision whether or not you believe that YaHuWaH has the ability to preserve His Set-Apart Word, and if YaHuWaH will keep His promise to do exactly that.

Yahusha has it all written for us to study in another one of His interesting puzzles.


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rYm Covenant

To the Torah and to the witness! If they do not speak according to this Word, it is because they have no daybreak [light]. Yeshayahu (Isaiah) 8:20


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