The End of the Sabbath – Matthew 28-1





















































Perhaps we first need to search out Matthew 28:1 to remind ourselves of the words written there. These words are preserved for our understanding.

Suggestions abound relating ideas that Matthew 28:1 has been mistranslated and does not actually mean what the words read in our Scriptures.

Here is a verse that is very profound and directly addresses this situation.

2 Ti 3:16  All Scripture is breathed by Elohim and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for setting straight, for instruction in righteousness.


Is Matthew 28:1 –

  • Profitable for teaching?
  • For reproof?
  • For setting straight?
  • For instruction in Righteousness?

Submitted to you: When full support is provided, starting from the Torah and continuing through the life of Yahusha on this earth, there will then be sufficient evidence shown us to be able to answer a resounding YES to ALL OF THE ABOVE QUESTIONS!

Mat 28:1  In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn (G2020) toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulcher. 

The end of the Sabbath is identified with a very specific descriptive word which provides an ‘atmospheric state of being’ of this Sabbath’s ending. That word is – epiphosko.

Epiphosko – (G2020). It has a most peculiar meaning of – to grow light, lighting up!

According to the words written in Matthew 28:1, ‘in the end of the Sabbath,’ Matthew recorded that the atmosphere had begun to GROW LIGHT!


To properly understand this text, we must first understand the Scripture’s witnesses on the topic of the ‘evening’!

Also, we will look at several witnesses that will positively determine the format of the 24-hour cycles leading up to Matthew 28:1 describing final minutes of the Sabbath.

There is a certain necessity to understand ‘ereb’ correctly. When the verb ‘ereb’ is applied to the context of time – specifically the 7 cycles of the week – what is the ‘real-time result’?











The Premier Question now is:

At what time did Yoseph of Ramathayim ask for Pilate’s approval to receive the lifeless body of Yahusha for burial? We will look at Matthew again and work through it.

Mat 27:57  And when evening came, there came a rich man from Ramathayim, named Yosĕph, who himself had also become a taught one of יהושע.

Mat 27:58  He went to Pilate and asked for the body of יהושע. Then Pilate commanded the body to be given.

Note that the Hebrew edition of Matthew 27:57 also declares it was evening (ereb H6154) when Yoseph asked for the body of Yahusha.

Remember, Pilate still had to get physical confirmation that indeed Yahusha was already dead.

Hence he sent a soldier to ascertain this information. This request for confirmation of death occurred after the sunset, according to the Hebrew meaning of the word – ereb – (evening).

The definition of evening becomes extremely important at this point. Let’s look at it.













Some extremely pivotal concepts concerning ereb (evening) have been brought to the surface. Let’s begin to back them up!





































With this in mind (Matt 27:57), Yoseph went to Pilate when the early evening mixing of light and darkness had arrived.

Yoseph asked for the body of Yahusha at evening time according to the words written in Hebrew and Greek. The direct sunlight had vanished and the mixing of light with darkness had begun. The task of preparing the body by necessity continued throughout the Night Season of Abib 14.

We will first look at the definition of the Greek word opsios G3798, then we will look at Mark’s recording of this same event.

Will Mark place the acquisition of Yahusha’s lifeless body before the sunset, allowing for a lightening quick pre-sunset burial as Sunset Theory insists upon?

Here is the Greek word – opsios – which has been translated to – even and evening.

‘Even’  and ‘evening’ in Greek is: G3798 opsios (op’-see-os) From G3796; late; feminine (as noun) afternoon [?] (early eve) or nightfall (later ever): -even (-ing, [-tide]). [emphasis supplied] Strong’s.

The argument will inevitably arise that according to the Greek definition, the word opsios is shown to mean afternoon. Yes, indeed it does show this. We are now seeing a trace of linear Greek mindset received from the contaminated and abominable Pharisees’ teachings that Yahusha so strongly witnessed against.

But that is fine! With your close scrutiny of the upcoming examination in the detailed recordings of Mark, Luke, John, and the two Miryams, it will become brilliantly apparent that only one meaning is possible. The ereb evening can only mean – after the sunset. The very actions and recorded declarations will stand out for all to see.

Please pay very careful attention to this matter. It will expose itself. 

Because we moved from the Hebrew mindset in Matthew, to the Greek writings, does not mean Yoseph asked for the body of Yahusha earlier in the cycle.

What occurs at/after sunset?

The indirect sunlight season (EVENING twilight) mixed with the encroaching darkness and it GROWS DARK!

The base definition of darkness is – the absence of light, and that is exactly what transpires when the sun disappears below the horizon – it grows dark.

So what really happened during the Crucifixion week? Did the Sabbath suddenly change from the format displayed in Genesis 1?

Or, is Matthew actually correct in his assessment of time?





























































At this point, it becomes necessary to look at other sources of information within the Scriptures for support of one or the other concept.

Does the Sabbath start and end at Dawn, or is it Sunset like we have been taught for years?

Is there another place in the Scriptures where the word – epiphosko – is used?

Yes! Indeed there is another location and Luke is the author.

Will Luke use this word – epiphoskocorrectly? Let’s look at it, shall we?

Luke 23:54  And that day was the preparation and sabbath drew on. G2020 (BLB)

Strong’s G2020 – epiphosko – to begin to grow light, begin to dawn

Brown Driver Briggs – epiphosko – to grow light, to dawn

Thayer’s Lexicon – epiphosko – to grow light, to dawn – Matthew 28:1; Luke 23:54

Since the idea of ‘growing light’ seems prevalent, we should look at Luke and see if the recorded events there allow this concept without convoluting the Scriptures.

Question: Did Yoseph request the body of Yahusha PRIOR TO or AFTER the sunset?

Mat 27:57  And when evening came, there came a rich man from Ramathayim, named Yosĕph, who himself had also become a taught one of יהושע.

Mat 27:58  He went to Pilate and asked for the body of יהושע. Then Pilate commanded the body to be given.

Yes, the Hebrew edition of Matthew shows the Hebrew word – ereb – here as well. As we have learned, ereb can only signify the MIXING time of light and darkness; which by default can be one of the two twilight mixtures.

Because we know Yahusha dies at the 9th hour from Dawn – (3 PM), we then understand that this ereb twilight indicated was the period AFTER THE SUNSET!

What does Mark indicate for us? Has Mark positively defined his words so we make no mistake?

Mark classified ‘evening.’ When is this according to his understanding?

Mar 1:32  And when evening came, when the sun had set, they brought to Him all who were sick and those who were demon-possessed.

Mark is very certain that the evening twilight comes only after the sun has set and the direct sunlight rays have been withdrawn! What about the crucifixion?















































Yoseph’s Request –

Luk 23:50  And see, a man named Yosĕph, a council member, a good and righteous man –

Luk 23:51  he was not agreeing with their counsel and deed – from Ramathayim, a city of the Yehuḏim, who himself was also waiting for the reign of Elohim,

Luk 23:52  he, going to Pilate, asked for the body of יהושע.

By TWO WITNESSES we understand that the body of Yahusha was requested after the sun had set.

With that in mind, when Yoseph requested the body of Yahusha by two testimonies, this would then be after sunset. That, in turn, would indicate that the burial process of Yahusha occurred through the night seasonThe Abib 13 PREPARATION NIGHT SEASON!













What has Luke established as one of 4 WITNESSES?

The Preparation day occurred from Dawn to Dawn.

The 4 witnesses are Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.

What is Mark’s next witness for Dawn to Dawn?













You have just personally witnessed another reason why it is that Sunset Theory needs a PRE-SUNSET BURIAL!











































The documented sequence of events all show the purchase of the linen was after the sunset. This purchase of linen would have immediately followed approval from Pilate to Yoseph. This approval to receive the precious body could only come after he (Pilate) had learned of Yahusha’s death which was AFTER THE SUNSET, IN THE EVENING TWILIGHT!

Do take a moment to ponder – Did Yoseph transgress the Sabbath commandment or not!

How long does it take to purchase linen, retrieve a precious body from suspension on a state, transport it to a cleaning facility? Then wash the sun hardened clots of blood from the lash wounds, the pores, and the sweaty, bloody, knotted hair? Ah yes! There is still the meticulous wrapping of the body in spices and perfumes, transporting it to the tomb and the placing of the body according to Jewish protocol. 

Before Sunset – and the 1st Sabbath of Unleavened Bread? Not a chance according to Mark!

Have you previously realized that John implicitly delivers to us, TWO WITNESSES??

  1. The Preparation IN THE LIGHT SEASON
  2. ‘And Still’ – The Preparation in the NIGHT SEASON of Abib 14!













John continues –

Joh 19:32  Therefore the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first, and of the other who was impaled with Him,

Joh 19:33  but when they came to יהושע and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs.

Joh 19:34  But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and instantly blood and water came out.

Joh 19:35  And he who has seen has witnessed, and his witness is true. And he knows that he is speaking the truth, in order that you might believe.

Joh 19:36  For this took place in order for the Scripture to be filled: “Not one of His bones shall be broken.” {See Psalms 34:20}

Joh 19:37  And again another Scripture says, “They shall look on Him whom they pierced.” {Zech 12:10}

Joh 19:38  And after this, Yosĕph of Ramathayim, being a taught one of יהושע, but secretly, for fear of the Yehuḏim, ASKED PILATE that he might take the body of יהושע, and Pilate gave permission. Therefore he came and took the body of יהושע.

Remember: We have just seen THREE WITNESSES that Yoseph requested the body of Yahusha AFTER THE SUN HAD SET!

Joh 19:39  And Naḵdimon, who at first came to יהושע by night, also came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds.

Joh 19:40  Then they took the body of יהושע and bound it in linen wrappings with the spices, as was the habit of the Yehuḏim for burial.

Joh 19:41  And at the place where He was impaled there was a garden and in the garden a fresh tomb in which no one had yet been laid.

Attention! John witnessed to us in verse 14 that the Preparation cycle had begun at the 6th hour – {Roman Reckoning} – at Dawn!

The sunset has occurred; Yoseph then asked for Yahusha’s body. The LIGHT SEASON PREPARATIONS FOR THE BURIAL WERE THEN FULFILLED!

Question: Does John then declare this time period a Sabbath?

Joh 19:42  There, then, because of the Preparation Day of the Yehuḏim, they laid יהושע, because the tomb was near.

No! John has pronounced this burial night as INCLUSIVE WITH THE FORMER LIGHT SEASON! The sunset is long gone and it is still THE PREPARATION!

Is Yahusha – The Word – (The Covenant Law) IN HIS DEATH ACHIEVING FULFILLMENT of YaHuWaH’s Statutes?

John documents that indeed the ‘PREPARING’ of the body and the placing of Yahusha in the tomb, PROPERLY TAKEN CARE OF AND OUT OF SIGHT, occurred before morning (Boqer/Dawn) arrived. Why is this detail important?

Exo 12:10  ‘And do not leave of it until morning, and what remains of it until morning you are to burn with fire.

Exo 29:34  “And if any of the flesh of the ordination offerings, or of the bread, be left over until the morning, then you shall burn up what is left over. It is not eaten, because it is set-apart.

The Scriptural pattern of the sacrificial statutes must be upheld for The Messiah!

John has assured us that the body of Yahusha was placed out of sight before the BOQER (morning) grew light – EPIPHOSKO!




































More of Yahusha’s words to the Pharisees!

Joh 8:39  They answered and said to Him, “Aḇraham is our father.”1 יהושע said to them, “If you were Aḇraham’s children, you would DO THE WORKS of Aḇraham.

Yahusha just told them (John 7:19) that NOT ONE OF THEM FOLLOWS THE TORAH!

Does the Brit Chadashah actually make a point to expose in writing Yahusha’s distinction between those who observe according to the Torah, and those who do not? Let’s look at it!

Now let’s give very careful heed to the wording of this next verse!

Joh 19:42  There, then, because of the Preparation Day of the Yehuḏim, they laid יהושע, because the tomb was near.

John knew when the Covenant Preparation of the Passover began! He announced it as such AT DAWN, in John 19:14 – AT THE 6TH HOUR FROM MIDNIGHT!!! (Roman Reckoning)

Why then does John now declare this Preparation Night Season as – the Preparation of the Yahudim??? 

Please allow me to submit to you that the Yahudim were observing their Preparation starting at sunset! Can we verify this from the Scriptures?













REMEMBER that Qayapha was on IMPOSTER High Priest!

IMPORTANT! The next slide is formatted in Sunset to Sunset Theory!














Why is the factor of John documenting the ‘Feast of the Yahudim’ so very significant?!

Would the chief kohanim and Pharisees be negotiating a business deal on a Moed?

What did Matthew record?

Mat 27:62  On the NEXT DAY, which was AFTER THE PREPARATION [Eternal Calendar], the chief priests and Pharisees gathered together to Pilate.

Note: The Hebrew edition of Matthew has the word – Machar – from which we see – NEXT DAY, in English. This word ensures there has been a severing of one 24 hour period and a transition into the existent one. Because we know Matthew obeyed the Torah, we know that the Boqer (morning) had arrived bringing with it a new 24-hour cycle!

Where were the chief priests and Pharisees to be found? They were present in the court of Pilate, negotiating out a deal to guard the tomb with Yahusha’s body! This is NOT SOMETHING they should be doing on YaHuWaH’s Moed!

Was this event on a Moed according to their sunset to sunset belief structure?

According to the Eternal Calendar seen throughout the Scriptures;





























































Is there another interesting comparison (witness) of the Jew’s traditional beliefs not coinciding with that of the Scriptures? Let’s look at the translator’s comment beside Matthew 281:1 and the verse itself, from the Geneva Bible!























Summary thus far –

  1. We have seen 5 witnesses for the Dawn to Dawn start to finish of the Preparation of the Passover.
  2. One witness of the ladies observing the Sabbath according to the Torah! (Dawn to Dawn!)
  3. One witness of the Jews observing Sunset to Sunset Theory!

Question: What was the next event taken on by the ladies?











What? More spices?

There are TWO SETS of spices!

The first batch was mixed prior to the 1st Sabbath of Unleavened Bread!

Luk 23:55  And the women who had come with Him from Galil followed after and saw the tomb and how His body was laid.

Luk 23:56  And having returned, they prepared spices and perfumes. And they rested on the Sabbath according to the command.

The SECOND BATCH OF SPICES was bought AFTER THE 1ST SABBATH of Unleavened Bread had passed!

Note that the ladies were from Galilee! Why is this recorded in the Scriptures?

What does this tell us about their custom for observing the Sabbath? The people of Galilee observed Dawn to Dawn! This is just one of the reasons why they were despised and trampled on by the Jews!

This is another witness that the ladies rested on the Sabbath according to the Torah! They mixed the first set of spices immediately prior to Dawn and then rested on the 5th cycle Sabbath from Dawn to Dawn!

Then at Dawn, once the Preparation of the 6th cycle (Friday) began, they had a full 24 hours at their disposal to purchase and mix a sufficient quantity of spices to complete embalming Yahusha Ha Mashiach!

A question for you!

How is it possible for

  1. The ladies to observe the burial process,
  2. They return home to prepare spices,
  3. Rest on the Sabbath according to the Torah,
  4. Then they purchase and mix additional spices without breaking the Sabbath,
  5. And arrive at the tomb on the 1st cycle at Dawn,
  6. With the spices already prepared?

To understand this dilemma in detail, please look for the study – A 6th Cycle Crucifiction!














In your Scriptures, when you read these phrases, or, in an edition similar

  1. – according to the usual practice of the Torah (Luke 2:27)
    1. according to the Torah (Law) of YaHuWaH (Luke 2:39; 23:56)

Or – in stark contrast –

  1. according to the Yahudim – or
    1. – according to the practice of the Festival (Luke 2:42)
    2. – as the custom of the Festival – etc.
    3. – according to the custom of the priest’s office (Luke 1:9)

Let it be known that Luke is clearly distinguishing and exposing the opposing (Lunar based) Calendar beliefs as practiced by the ‘Brood of Adders’ (Matt 3:7) – the Pharisees and Sadducees!













Before the Scriptures answer our last question:

At this point we now have MANY witnesses for the days of the Crucifixion ending at Dawn; Abib 14 (Wed) through Abib 15 (Thu), and also through Abib 16 (Fri)!

Is it possible that the 7th cycle of the week, the 7th Day Sabbath, spanned only 12 hours?

Does the 7th Day Sabbath end at sunset as tradition has taught us? Let’s look at it!































































There are some things about a Friday Crucifixion theory that cannot be justified through the Scriptures!

The ability to purchase spices on the Sabbath day, and observe the Sabbath day properly, is only one of the dilemmas.

The study- a 6th Cycle Crucifiction – will deal with this topic quite effectively!

Another problem is the obvious fact that a crucifixion on the 6th cycle of the week (Friday) cannot fulfill Daniel’s prophecy.

Dan 9:27  “And he shall confirm a covenant with many for one week. And in the middle of the week, he shall put an end to slaughtering and meal offering. And on the wing of abominations, he shall lay waste, even until the complete end and that which is decreed is poured out on the one who lays waste.”

Are there any idle words written in the Scriptures? If not, maybe we need to consider this phrase in earnest!

We have been positively programmed into IGNORING this ‘ middle of the week’ passage when it comes to the crucifixion week.

Why? Because it cannot be explained or justified in a 6th cycle crucifixion, so prevalent in Christianity today.

So let’s look at it, shall we?

The Pharisees requested 3 full 24 hours periods of Roman guard on the tomb that was holding the body of Yahusha!

It is good to note that in a Friday crucifixion scenario, the Roman guard is needed for no more than 24 hours – from the morning of the 7th day Sabbath until the Dawn of Sunday morning. There was no need for 3 cycles of Roman guards.

On a Friday crucifixion scenario, the Jewish rabble would have been in the court of Pilate on the morning of the 7th day Sabbath, requesting the ‘3 days of Roman Guard’!

However, now that we are examining the crucifixion event occurring on the 4th cycle (‘middle of the week’), a full 3 cycle request for Roman guards becomes quite interesting.

We pick this up on the morning after the burial, which is the 1st Sabbath of Unleavened Bread and is the 5th cycle of the week (Thu).

Mat 27:62  On the next day, [5th cycle – U/B Sabbath] which was after the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees gathered together to Pilate,

Mat 27:63  saying, “Master, we remember, while He was still alive, how that deceiver said, ‘After three days I am raised.’

Mat 27:64  “Command, then, that the tomb be safeguarded until the third day, lest His taught ones come by night and steal Him away, and should say to the people, ‘He was raised from the dead.’ And the last deception shall be worse than the first.”

Please note the absence of Pilate negotiating for a different structure of a guard program which had been mentioned by the murderous group. There was a request for Roman guards for 3 cycles of the week, and it was granted.



























The Scriptures do make sense if one accepts the words written therein.

Returning back to the ladies who purchased spices.

Clearly the ladies were able to purchase spices on the Preparation cycle (Fri) before the 7th Day Sabbath without any problems.

Why did the ladies not go and apply these spices by wrapping them around the body of Yahusha on the Preparation cycle (Fri)? Why did they wait until the morning of the 1st cycle?

Because the Roman guard held the place secure and there was not a chance that they could get near the stone let alone enter the tomb.

The Roman guard was set for the three requested cycles, which would have ended sometime in the morning of the 1st cycle of the week. The ladies needed to wait until the 1st cycle morning to have access to the tomb. The ladies had complete freedom to observe the weekly 7th Day Sabbath also.

All these have brought us up to the very end of the Sabbath hours (‘while it was still dark’ John 20:1) as the break of Dawn was bringing in the 1st cycle of the week.

On the next slide are texts from different editions that reveal quite by accurate wording, that which aligns with the Torah!






































There is another point that demands clarification. It has to do with the term – ‘High Sabbath’.

What do the Scriptures declare as a ‘High Sabbath’?

How many times do we read about a ‘High Sabbath’?

The crucifixion was on a 4th cycle (Wed) and it was declared a Preparation cycle. The following cycle was the 1st ANNUAL Sabbath of the year! It was the 1st Sabbath of Unleavened Bread and was on a 5th cycle (Thu).

The 1st Sabbath of Unleavened Bread is the only Sabbath in the Scriptures declared to be a ‘High Sabbath!

What is the one and only time we read about a High Sabbath proclamation?

Joh 19:31  Therefore, since it was the Preparation Day, that the bodies should not remain on the stake on the Sabbath – for that Sabbath was a HIGH ONE – the Yehuḏim asked Pilate to have their legs broken, and that they be taken away.

John has just informed us in no uncertain terms that indeed – Unleavened Bread Sabbath was the High Sabbath.

A Preparation cycle comes before any Sabbath – on any cycle of the week.

This is contrary to the tradition we have been taught. We might need to adjust our thinking to be in alignment with the Scriptures – once again!

My friend(s), Matthew 28:1 is an extremely important and ultra-revealing verse.

With the knowledge of YaHuWaH’s cycles beginning at Dawn, we are now able to accept the witnesses to the burial of Yahusha occurring after the sunseton the Preparation cycle, still Abib 14! Also, the precise record of the witness of the ladies who observed the full customary Jewish burial process (then returned home and still had time – before the 1st Sabbath of U/B – to prepare spices and perfumes) is like water to a flower.

After the Sunset, – Abib 14, Preparation Cycle Burial Witnesses Summary –

Matthew                      Matthew 27:57-61

Mark                            Mark 15:42-46

Luke                            Luke 23:52-56

John                            John 19:40-42

Miryam & Miryam       Matthew 27:61; Mark 15:47; Luke 23:55

Remember  in the time of the gospel account, the words and actions of ladies were not counted as a reliable witness for anything. However, in this account, the Scriptures cement:

  1. The Wednesday crucifixion,
  2. A Sabbath 4th watch meeting of Yahusha with Miryam of Magdala,
  3. The 1st Annual Sabbath of the year {on the Feast of Unleavened Bread} as the one and only ‘High Sabbath’,
  4. Each new day beginning with DAWN,
  5. The Ladies purchase of spiced between the 1st Sabbath of Unleavened Bread and the 7th Day Sabbath.

This is divine reproof of a sunset commencement day! Truly remarkable!

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rYm Covenant

To the Torah and to the witness! If they do not speak according to this Word, it is because they have no daybreak [light]. Yeshayahu (Isaiah) 8:20


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