The Song Of Joshua’s Sickle Part 3

The Sickles of Harvest

#2 The Shavuot Connection

Basic Pre-Summary From Parts 1 & 2

YaHuWaH’s requirements thus far:

  1. Enter the land.
  2. Observe Passover.
  3. Cut the First Wheat – Wave Sheaf offering.
  4. Roast & Grind Wheat; prepare a Flour [fine] and Oil Mixture.
  5. Present the ascent offering (by fire) to YaHuWaH.
  6. Bake Bread Dough for normal consumption.
  7. Eat the Grain of the Land the day after Passover!

Only after the Wave Sheaf and the ascension offerings had been presented was it acceptable to YaHuWaH to consume the FIRST Grain of the Land! Josh 5:11 … AND THEY ATE

Section #6

Which Enoch is distinctly in alignment with YaHuWaH?

Before moving forward …

Some say the Enoch that is the 7th from Adam is the author of the Book of Enoch. Let’s compare this to Gesenius’ Lexicon in the Blue Letter Bible.

Still moving forward …

Julian Morgenstern has done incredible research in the area of ‘calendars’.

The Calendars of Ancient Israel, pg. 12 (Hebrew Union College Annual Vol X 1935)

“Of the calendar of Enoch and Jubilees considerable is known, viz., that is was a theoretical and conventional solar calendar of three hundred and sixty-four days to the year. Divided into quarters, each consisting of three months of thirty days each plus one additional, intercalary day, not reckoned to any one month; each such quarter year, therefore, consisted of ninety-one days or thirteen weeks …”

“Moreover, as is explicitly stated in Jubilees 6:23-38, this calendar was openly and aggressively non-lunar in character and was designed to combat the program of those contemporary ritual authorities who sought to adjust the festivals to the conditions of a basically lunar calendar, undoubtedly Calendar III. But whether this artificial and unreal solar calendar of Enoch and Jubilees was likewise the calendar of these mandatory portions of P or of I & II Maccabees, is a question open to serious doubt.”

“In all likelihood, this calendar of Enoch and Jubilees was never actually observed; at least there is no definite evidence thereof. None the less the very fact that such a calendar could have been seriously formulated, and that not as a mere personal vagary but as a conscious attempt to combat the introduction, or at least the continued use of Calendar III, with its lunar system of dating the festivals, shows the extreme importance attached by the religious authorities of the late biblical and early post-biblical periods …”

Section #7

The sickle will harvest the Wave Sheaf!

Barley or Wheat?

Many believe barley was the Wave Sheaf grain according to Josephus. Is this correct?

Josephus writes in his compilation of Yisraelite history – Antiquities, Book 3, Chapter 10, Section 5 (Ant. 3.10.5), the following:

  • The feast of unleavened bread succeeds that of the Passover, and falls on the fifteenth day of the month, and continues seven days, wherein they feed on unleavened bread … But on the second day of unleavened bread, which is the sixteenth day of the month, they first partake of the fruits of the earth, for before that day they do not touch them. And while they suppose it proper to honor God, from whom they obtain this plentiful provision, in the first place, they offer the first fruits of their barley

Wave Sheaf grain according to Torah in Leviticus 23.

  • 10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest;
  • 13 And the meat [grain] offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto YaHuWaH for a sweet savor;
  • fine flour H5560 coleth (so’-leth); from an unused root meaning to strip; flour (as chipped off): KJV – (fine) flour, meal.

Question: Is so’leth barley?

Answer: No!

So’leth is not barley!

So’leth is always finely crushed wheat.

Barley is se’orah, (so’leth’s antonym); rough and coarse!

Let’s have a look at Hebrew Scripture and identify the words that are connected to wheat: So’leth and Chittah.

First, let us look at so’leth:

  • 2 Kings 7:1 Then Elisha said, “Listen to the word of YaHuWaH; thus says YaHuWaH, ‘Tomorrow about this time a measure of fine flour (so’leth) shall be sold for a shekel, and two measures of barley (se’orah) for a shekel, in the gate of Samaria.”
  • So what exactly is ‘so’leth’? So’leth is what we would call today semolina. English translators use the phrase ‘fine flour’.

Difference between so’leth and se’orah.

  • In the Septuagint (LXX) so’leth is semidalis.
  • In the Latin Vulgate so’leth is simila, both terms referring to finely ground wheat flour, not barley.
  • So’leth is essentially what we would call ‘cream of wheat’.
  • During wheat milling, the bran, germ, and endosperm are separated and the endosperm breaks into grains of about 0.25mm – 0.75mm in diameter.
  • These grains are further processed to produce fine wheat flour, also called ‘choice flour’ in the Bible.
  • Essentially, this is the best of the best when it comes to processing and breaking apart of the wheat kernel.

From the Scriptures it is clear to see that so’leth and se’orah (wheat and barley) are two different varieties of flour.

So’leth is not se’orah and se’orah is not so’leth!

They are different, and rightly they should be.

  • Since so’leth is the fine flour of the processed wheat grain, then what is the general term of ‘wheat’ in Hebrew? The biblical term is Chittah – Chet Tet Hei.
  • wheat H2406 chittah (khit-taw’); of uncertain derivation; wheat, whether the grain or the plant: KJV – wheat (-en).

Chittah [Hebrew] for Wheat

The following passages specifically refer to chittah or wheat, in general:

  • 2 Sam 17:27-28 Now when David had come to Mahanaim, Shobi the son of Nahash from Rabbah of the sons of Ammon, Machir the son of Ammiel from Lo-debar, and Barzillai the Gileadite from Rogelim, brought beds, basins, pottery, wheat (chittah), barley (se’orah), flour (kemach), parched grain, beans, lentils, parched seeds …
  • Deut 8:8 … a land of wheat (chittah) and barley (se’orah), of vines and fig trees and pomegranates, a land of olive oil and honey …

Chittah is ‘Wheat’ (not se’orah) and se’orah is not so’leth!

A summary of terms and their biblical definitions:

  1. Chittah – Wheat
  2. So’leth – Wheat kernels ground up to make a fine flour.
  3. Se’orah – Barley kernels
  4. Kemach – Any kind of flour, specified if necessary in the biblical texts by [either the use of ‘so’leth’ or ‘se’orah’].
  • So’leth is the chittah that has been broken up, ground up, and processed into fine flour.
  • Crushed barley is never fine, choice flour; barley is rough and coarse.
  • So’leth is choice and creamy. It is this flour – the so’leth – that is always offered to, or is used in, the service and worship of YaHuWaH in the biblical texts …
  • There is one interesting exception …

WHEAT for the Worship of YaHuWaH

  • When in the service or worship of YaHuWaH (Num 6:15; 7:13; 8:8; Exo 29:2), chittah (wheat) is the ordinance that stipulates how we are to come before YaHuWaH when presenting a grain offering.
  • There is one exception in Num 5:15, where se’orah (barley) is chosen over chittah (wheat).

Barley and the Sotah (or Woman Suspected of Adultery)

  • The case where se’orah (barley) IS used in ancient Temple service and in the face of YaHuWaH, is in the instruction of the Sotah; that is, the married woman that is suspected of committing adultery in Numbers 5:11-31.
  • Specifically, we learn that the mincha or grain offering for the Sotah (the woman who is standing before YaHuWaH in the Temple, facing charges of adultery) is barley, and NOT wheat.
  • Numbers 5:15 … The man shall then bring his wife to the priest, and shall bring as an offering for her one-tenth of an ephah of barley meal (rematch se’orah); he shall not pour oil on it, nor put frankincense on it, for it is a grain offering (mincha) of jealousy, a grain offering mincha) of a remembrance to make iniquity known.
  • This barley grain offering was used to bring the sin of the woman into the light; to make it known; to cause YaHuWaH to remember it.
  • The woman – the Sotah – was to stand in the face of YaHuWaH and His Kohen with barley because barley represents the flesh that does things ‘my way’.
  • The sotah’s se’orah (barley) offering appears to symbolize the animal nature of the woman and not something that is offered in thanks to YaHuWaH for giving us the produce of the Land.
  • The Omer, which always starts the count to Shavuot, was supposed to be taken from wheat (so’leth) and not barley (se’orah). At some point in the halachic history of Yisra’El, something changed and Judaism adopted barley as the offering to YaHuWaH and not wheat. But, beware! Why?


  • Some people will, of course, say that the seven weeks of Shavuot – the Feast of Weeks – is metaphorically taking us from the waving of an Omer of Barley at Pesach (Passover) to the waving of the two loaves of wheat bread baked as bikkurim seven weeks later at Pentecost.
  • [This is to say] that in Yahusha, our Kinsman Redeemer [as Passover], we are purchased and ostensibly ‘waved’ before YaHuWaH as the first cutting or Raisheet K’tzir or se’orah (barley) and then with Pentecost, ostensibly [we are] presented as a ‘wave offering’ of so’leth baked bikkurim – two wheat loaves.

Time to Get Rid of Confusion

  • Perhaps we are confusing the barley-to-wheat metaphor with the scriptural actuality of wheat-to-wheat and essentially hoping to preserve the doctrines of the east – Babylonian Judaism and its Oral Law.
  • Let’s preserve the p’shat – the simple meaning of Scripture …
  • The se’orah mincha (barley grain offering) for the ceremony of the Sotah was ‘a remembrance to make iniquity known’ for an individual and not a collective body.
  • By continuing to offer an Omer of se’orah (barley) to YaHuWaH at the beginning of the count of the Omer, are we perhaps unknowingly agreeing to collectively give YaHuWaH something man-made?
  • Perhaps something inferior; something that remembers the flesh?
  • Something that says to Him, “You get from us second best” – se’orah (animal food) and not fine, expensive wheat flour, so-to-speak?


Interesting Information from Avi ben Mordechai

  • With the declaration of Aviv barley behind us, we also would know that our wheat fields are also advancing towards the stage of Aviv, ripening to their Aviv roughly in the next four or five weeks that follow Aviv barley.
  • Hypothetically, this means that from about the middle of the twelfth month to the middle of the new first month, four weeks will have gone by.
  • In that time frame, Aviv wheat could easily be ready for its first cutting = Raisheet K’tzir.
  • Ostensibly, this means we could fulfill Deut 19:9 at about the time of Unleavened Bread and this, there would be no need to offer barley to YaHuWaH.
  • Supposedly, there would be an Omer of so’leth wheat (so’leth chitim) ready to offer in fulfillment of Lev 2:1 and 23:13-14.

How would this information affect the barley calendar?

Isn’t it interesting that the Torah declares ‘wheat’ as the ‘fine flour’ offering for YaHuWaH? In Josh 5:11 the Septuagint also claims that Joshua ate WHEAT!

Not Barley, but WHEAT!

Section #8

What is the great Significance of the SICKLE & Shavuot?

Can we safely accept the example of Yahusha’s living Passion Week as the ANTI-TYPE of Joshua’s TYPOLOGY in Canaan?

Is this foundational concept also rooted in Torah through Moses?

Thought to Ponder:  Will Enoch align with Torah’s typology?

Note: To identify the true Mashiach, every Torah ‘type’ of statute instruction must be accomplished in Yahusha’s ‘anti-type’ fulfillment!

The Sickle Begins the Omer Timeline Count

What TIME-SETTING COURSE OF ACTION did YaHuWaH impose under a statute that was to be initiated by the PREMIER CUTTING ACTION of the SICKLE on this specific event?

Deut 16:9 Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee; BEGIN TO NUMBER THE SEVEN WEEKS from such time as thou beginnest to put the sickle to the corn [grain]. KJV

Summary for Joshua Section #8

  1. Joshua’s sickle severed grain for a Wave Sheaf on Abib 15 the 1st cycle after the 7th day Sabbath.
  2. Joshua presented the Wave Sheaf on Abib 15.
  3. Joshua received permission via Lev 23:14 to begin eating the grains of the land on Abib 15.
  4. Joshua, on Abib 15, ate the grains of the land on the day after the Passover (Josh 5:11).
  5. Joshua observed the 1st Sabbath of Unleavened Bread on Abib 15!
  6. Joshua began to count to Shavuot, on Abib 15!
  7. That year – the ‘Eh-Tzem’ fundamental bone structure of Salvation – the TYPE – was on Abib 15!

Abib 15 – the One and Only High Sabbath!

Section #9

Counting of the Omer according to the Torah Statutes:

  • Joshua’s Omer Count
  • Enoch’s Omer Count

Section #9.1

Counting the Omer with Joshua!

Section #9.2

Counting the Omer with Enoch!

What about Enoch?

Will Enoch’s Omer Count align with YaHuWaH’s Typology? We shall see!

Enoch/Zadokite/Qumran Calendars claim they hold the Truth. If this is so, then they should fulfill YaHuWaH’s requirements for ALL the dating of Passover, Wave Sheaf and Omer counting statutes.

Next, an examination of Enoch’s testament will be challenged in comparison to YaHuWaH’s statutes to see what occurs.

On the next slide, we must remember that the Enoch FIXED calendar up for comparison is the exact format that is declared to occur for EVERY Biblical year including that of Joshua.

Will we find linear alignment?

Section #10

Lunar Sabbath Exposed

Whilst we are viewing Joshua’s 7th Day Sabbath of Abib 14, can we allow ourselves a brief peek at the Lunar Sabbath requirements?














  • The most common method for reckoning the lunar weekly Sabbath is to begin the count from the New Moon day, which is not considered a Sabbath.
  • Each ¼ phase that follows marks the weekly Sabbath, no matter on which cycle of the week the crescent moon shows up.

One belief is: The moon phases will always mark the weekly Sabbath AND the worship feast days.

  • Also, you never need to rely on a Gregorian calendar to know which day is the moon’s weekly Sabbath.

Understanding New Moons & Translation Days

Let’s test the Lunar Sabbath concept using the calendar year of Joshua. WILL the Lunar Sabbath align with the Sabbath in the year of Joshua?

Will Joshua agree to some aspect of the lunar calendar?

On the next slide, we will examine the same calendar charts. However, this time the lunar calendar will have Abib 14 on the 7th Day Sabbath exactly as Joshua’s account in the first year of entering Canaan.

The question the is – Will this lunar format agree with the Scriptures?

According to the specific calendar year of Joshua entering Canaan, these were NOT weekly Sabbaths: 8th, 15th, 22nd, 29th.

Just say ‘No’ to the Lunar Sabbath!

The Lunar Sabbath calendar claims that the moon defines how to find the weekly Sabbath because the true Sabbath of YaHuWaH has been lost through the ages and no one knows how to find it. However, this concept is not found in the Torah!

Question: What kind of Elohim do we serve if He cannot preserve for His people the understanding of how to find the true weekly Sabbath, that He commands is to be honored?

While the information in this section may seem like it does not belong here, just how serious is this?

For this answer, we need to go back to the beginning!


The day-start information was received in Feb 2010 in a set of Lunar Sabbath teachings.

Many sincere Lunar Sabbath keepers understand the DAWN day-start.

However, this message was at first difficult to examine because of the lunar message overshadowing the day-start.

Lesson: Never judge a message by the messenger!

Observation: Had this Lunar Sabbath presenter tackled thorough research on the stud of day-start in the Joshua testimony, perhaps they would have recognized some other gems of truth such as:

  • The weekly Sabbath for Joshua’s 1st Passover in Canaan was indeed on the 14th day of the 1st month – not the 15th.
  • The phases of the moon do not define the timing or placement of the weekly or annual Sabbath worship statutes.

YaHuWaH’s Calendar is about counting days, months and years, not about observing moon phases.

When we learn to NUMBER OUR DAYS, we are then on YaHuWaH’s Moedim schedule. This factor promotes our KNOWLEDGE and WISDOM!

In Part 4: Does Enoch’s Abib 26 really reach to Shavuot?

Part #4 will also address the issues of:

  • Enoch’s two main reasons for choosing Abib 26
  • New Pentecost Count (True or Counterfeit?)
  • Paul’s witness for Torah Pentecost Count.

May you be blessed as you ponder YaHuWaH’s Divine Count!

Continue to Part 4

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To the Torah and to the witness! If they do not speak according to this Word, it is because they have no daybreak [light]. Yeshayahu (Isaiah) 8:20


Vance · August 6, 2023 at 7:45 pm

Great article,another area where there are excuses is an evening starts a new number meaning the 14th going into the15th so the 15th going into the 16th and some say its the 16th day meaning the morrow after the sabbath.In the bible the Passover is always the 14th.Not one time have I read when evening comes a new day starts.A day starts at dawn its 14th day then 14th night then 15th day then 15th night.The day of atonement was applied to make all sabbaths and a day start at evening.In Leviticus 23 on day of atonement it says the evening of the 9th to evening of the 10th to me it doesn’t say when the evening of the 9th comes the 10th begins.So I believe there was trickery involved to say Joshua 5:10-11 is saying the 15th going into the 16th but Joshua is saying the 15th not the 16th.P.S. enjoyed the article

    OneCovenant · January 11, 2024 at 12:27 pm

    Glad you enjoyed it, shalom!

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