To Moon or not to Moon Part 3

‘The Moonth! Oh the Moonth?’

Our Questions:

Oh Moon! Where have you been today? In the Day sky, or the Night sky?

Part 3 will be studied in this order:

H3842 – H7720 – H3391

1st H3842 will be examined as the adjective.

2nd H3842 will be examined as the simile.

Only the first part of H3391 will be studied in this study.

3rd H3391 will be examined as the verb component of the moon. It is also the primitive root of H3394.

Consideration will begin with the lunation cycle length.


Will H3391 qualify for YaHuWaH’s set-apart month including His special numbering system?

A good question for H3842 <lebanah>

Oh Moon! What color will you be tonight?

  1. Pure White?
  2. Blood Red?
  3. Harvest Gold?

Taking a closer look

[#3] H3842 MOON <lebanah>

The color or whiteness of the moon.  The moon as white! References found: Strong’s: 3, Englishman’s: 3.

Englishman’s Concordance H3842

Strong’s: ‘moon’ or ‘moons’                                                   Englishman’s: by Hebrew Word Number

H3842 = 3 listings                                                                  H3842 = 3 listings <lebanah>

Both sets of references are exactly the same verses.

H3842 MOON <lebanah> [as an Adjective]

  1. [Strong’s] MOONH3842 lebanah; from H3835; properly, (the) white, i.e. the moon: -moon. See also H3838.
  2. [BDB] H3842 lebanah – the moon (as white)

Note: Every Strong’s number connects to ‘whiteness’.

H3842 MOON <lebanah>

[Strong’s] MOONH3842 lebanah; from H3835; properly, (the) white, i.e. the moon: -moon. See also H3838.

  • H3835 laban; a primitive root; to be (or become) white; also (as denominative from H3843) to make bricks: KJV – make brick, be (made, make) white (-r).
    • H3843 lebenah; from H3835; a brick (from the whiteness of the clay): KJV – (altar of) brick, tile. Lebanah. See H3828.
      • H3828 lebownah; or lebanah; from H3836; frankincense (from its whiteness or perhaps that of its smoke): -frank-) incense.
        • H3836 laban; or (Gen 49:12) laben; from H3835; white: KJV – white.
      • H3838 Lebana’; or Lebanah; (the same as H3842)

Scriptures for H3842 <lebanah>

  • “Who is she who shines forth as the morning, Beautiful as the [H3842 white] moon, clear as the sun, Awesome as an army with banners?” Shir haShirim (Song of Songs) 6:10
  • “And the [H3842 white] moon shall blush, and the sun shall be ashamed, for יהוה of hosts shall reign on Mount Tsiyon, and in Yerushalayim, and before His elders, in esteem!” Yeshayahu (Isaiah) 24:23
  • “And the [H3842 white] light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun, and the light of the sun be sevenfold, as the light of seven days, in the day that יהוה binds up the breach of His people, and heals the wound of His blows.” Yeshayahu (Isaiah) 30:26

H3842 Final Conclusion <lebanah>

The H3842 MOON color cannot commence the Biblical month.

  • In all three verses ‘white or whiteness’- as the ‘color’ of the moon – is the context of the verses.
  • The definition for MOON is these three verses lends no support to commence the Biblical month with any MOON phase in the sky.

Taking a closer look

[#4] H7720 MOON <saharon>

A simile/comparison [using the words ‘like’ or ‘as’] of something that is round like the moon. References found: Strong’s: 1, Englishman’s: 3

Englishman’s Concordance H7720

Strong’s: ‘moon’ or ‘moons’                                                   Englishman’s: by Hebrew Word Number

H7720 = 1 listing                                                                    H7720 = 3 listings <saharon>

This set has 2 extra listings for comparisons.

H7720 MOON <saharon> [as a Simile]

Definition: H7720 means the actual ‘simile comparison of another object’ to the moon in the sky.

  1. [Strong’s] MOONH7720 saharon; from the same as H5469 [roundness]: a round pendant for the neck: KJV – ornament, round tire like the MOON. See H7723
  2. [BDB] H7720 saharon – the moon, the crescent (as an ornament).

H7720 [shav. See H7723]

  • Note: Pay attention to these next two Strong’s definitions regarding destruction and devastation. How are the following definitions connected H7720?
  • H7723 shav’; from the same as H7722 in the sense of desolating; evil (as destructive), literally (ruin) or morally (especially guile); figuratively idolatry (as false, subjective), uselessness (as deceptive, objective; also adverbially, in vain: KJV – false (-ly), lie, lying, vain, vanity.
  • H7722 show’; … from an unused root meaning to rush over; a tempest; by implication, devastation: KJVdesolate (-ion), destroy, destruction, storm, wastefulness.

Scriptures for H7720 <saharon>

  1. “Then Zeḇaḥ and Tsalmunna said, “Rise yourself, and fall on us. For as a man is, so is his might.” So Giḏ‛on arose and killed Zeḇaḥ and Tsalmunna, and took the crescent ornaments [H7720] which were on their camels’ necks.” Shophetim (Judges) 8:21
  2. “And the weight of the gold rings that he requested was one thousand seven hundred pieces of gold – besides the crescent ornaments [H7720], and the pendants [H7720], and purple robes which were on the sovereigns of Miḏyan, and besides the chains that were around their camels’ necks.” Shophetim (Judges) 8:26
  3. “In that day יהוה takes away the finery of the anklets [H5914], and the headbands [H6287], and the crescents [H7720],” Yeshayahu (Isaiah) 3:18

Note the extra Hebrew definitions that are similar to ‘roundness’.

  • Tinkling ornaments H5914; an anklet [bracelet]
  • Cauls; H7636; [round] netting for the hair (compare to Ezekiel 24:17, 23 ‘bind your turban [H6287] (fancy head-dress)
  • Crescent pendants/ornaments [H7720] round neck pendants

How do these definitions link to H7723 and H7722?

H7720 Final Conclusion <saharon>

The H7720 MOON simile comparison cannot commence the Biblical month.

All definitions compare the ‘roundness’ of the MOON.

These verses lend no support to commence the Biblical month with any phase of the MOON in the sky.

YaHuWaH’s Covenant of Division

Jeremiah 33:30 – Covenants of the Light Season and of the Night Season.


Does the moon have a part in either of these two Covenants?

The 4th Day of Creation

  1. “And Elohim said, “Let lights come to be in the expanse of the heavens to SEPARATE the day from the night, and let them be for signs and appointed times, and for DAYS and YEARS, Berĕshith (Genesis) 1:14
  2. and let them be for lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth.” And it came to be so. Berĕshith (Genesis) 1:15
  3. And Elohim made TWO GREAT LIGHTS: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night, and the stars. Berĕshith (Genesis) 1:16
  4. And Elohim set them in the expanse of the heavens TO GIVE LIGHT ON THE EARTH, Berĕshith (Genesis) 1:17

and to RULE over the day and over the night, and to SEPARATE the light

from the darkness. And Elohim saw that it was good.” Berĕshith (Genesis) 1:18

“And there came to be evening and there came to be morning, the fourth day.” Berĕshith (Genesis) 1:19

When the sun rises, how much darkness is seen afterwards? It is possible the sun can DIVIDE the Light from the Night?

The Mazzaroth!

In the absence of clouds, what LIGHT is seen CONSISTENTLY – ALL night, EVERY night, 365 nights of the year?

Have you EVER seen a full array of stars in the daylight?  Can the MAZZAROTH and other stars differentiate a NIGHT season from a LIGHT season?

Jeremiah 31:35 gives declaration for the two great LIGHT-givers.

“Thus said יהוה, who gives the sun for a light by day,

The Mazzaroth!

and the stars for a light by night,

Does the Moon produce its own light?

Strong’s H216 – ‘awr


Transliteration ‘awr

Pronunciation ore (key)

Part of Speech feminine noun

Root Word (Etymology) From H215

Isaiah 13:10

For the stars [H3556] of the heavens [8064] and their constellations [3685] do not give [H1984] off their light [H216]. The sun [H8121] shall be dark [H3394] at its rising [H3318], and the moon [H3394] not send out its light [H216].

Let’s look at some gender concerns!

What gender is the H3394 moon? Yareach (moon) has a MASCULINE gender.

Strong’s H3394 – yareach


Transliteration yareach

Pronunciation yaw-ray’-akh

Part of Speech masculine noun

Root Word (Etymology) From the same as H3391

Isaiah 13:10 For the stars [H3556] of the heavens [8064] and their constellations [3685] do not give [H1984] off their light [H216]. The sun [H8121] shall be dark [H3394] at its rising [H3318], and the moon [H3394] not send out its light [H216].

What gender is the H8121 sun?

Strong’s H8121 – shemesh


Transliteration shemesh

Pronunciation sheh’-mesh

Part of Speech masculine/feminine noun

Root Word (Etymology) From an unused root meaning to be brilliant.

For Isaiah 13:10 … while it may appear on the surface that the masculine moon produces its own light, now can it be said that the masculine moon is producing ITS OWN light when Isaiah’s reference to ‘her light’ is FEMININE (like the sun)?

Ezekiel 32:7

“And when I extinguish [H3518] you, I shall cover [H3680] the heavens, and make [H6937] -> its stars [H3556] dark [H6937]. I shall cover [H3680] the SUN [H8121] with a cloud [H6051], and the moon [H3394] shall not give [H215] her light [H216].

In other words…

In that day, the covered sun cannot give the moon its light. Therefore the moon cannot, in turn, reflect any light!

Yes, we notice that modern translations insert ‘its’, replacing the feminine ‘her’. Yet the word awr (light) remains feminine!

Everyone has seen a moon in the night sky. Does that mean the moon ‘rules the night’?

Moon Questions:

  1. Is this sky picture a night sky, or day sky?
  2. Will you ever see a full moon in the day sky?

What about this moon in the day sky?

Here’s a daytime moon on January 28, 2013, as seen by an EarthSky Facebook observer from Ridgecrest, California, in the Mojave Desert. Notice the moon in this photo is closer to the (western) horizon at sunrise than the moon one day later (photo with blue sky and trees).

Daytime moon – May 27, 2012 – Darren Danks in Netherton UK.

  • You can see the moon during the day whenever it’s fairly large in phase and fairly far from the sun on the sky’s dome.
  • So you need to know the date of full moon to know when to see a daytime moon. Learn the date of the next (or last) full moon, then start to look for the daytime moon about a week before the full moon, in the afternoon sky.
  • After the full moon, look again for a week or so, this time in the morning.

Most important criterion: look up!  If you do, you’ll often see the moon in the day.

Observation of the Day Moon

So, when can you see the moon in the daytime?

Basically, you need three things to see the daytime moon:

  1. Look within a week or so of the date of the full moon.
  2. Before the full moon, look for the daytime moon in the afternoon.
  3. After the full moon, look for the daytime moon in the morning.
  4. Look up! The daytime moon is often up there, even though it may be pale against the blue sky.

Only the full moon reigns in the sky all night long one night each lunar month.

Just because the moon has nothing to do with the separation of the day and night seasons, what has that got to do with the moon determining the commencement of any months?

Taking a closer look

[#2] H3391 MOON <yerach> verb

This means: the cycle or lunation of the moon – labeled as a month. References found: Strong’s: 2, Englishman’s: 13!

For this study, please remember:

YaHuWaH knows the end from the beginning. (Isaiah 46:9-10)

YaHuWaH also knew:

  1. Lucifer would rebel
  2. Lucifer would be cast out of heaven
  3. Creation week would hold the pattern for worship statutes
  4. Satan would try to usurp worship from YaHuWaH’s children on earth as he did in heaven.

Englishman’s Concordance H3391

Strong’s: ‘moon’ or ‘moons’                                                   Englishman’s: by Hebrew Word Number

H3391 = 2 listings                                                                  H3391 = 13 listings <yerach> (11 extra listings)

2 listings are translated as moon

11 listings are translated as month

A note for H3391 MOON >yerach>

  • ONLY 2 of the 13 references actually use the word MOON.
  • Strong’s will list this ‘unused root’ as uncertain!!!
  • Strong’s will list the definition of ‘lunationbefore the definition of ‘month’ – which will be closely examined.
  • Brown Driver & Brigg’s is opposite, listing the first definition as ‘month’.

H3391 MOON <yerach> [as a Verb]

  1. [Strong’s] MOONH3391 yerach (yeh’-rakh); from an unused root of uncertain signification; a lunation, e. month: KJV – month [11 times], moon [12 times]
  2. [BDB] H3391 yerach – a month (lunar cycle), the moon [2 times]
  3. a month
  4. a calendar month [11 times]

#1 Creation Patterns




Creation Wees has two types of Months

  • Remember: YaHuWaH is smarter than we are!
  • He knows what He is doing!
  • That’s why He gave mankind and the earth two types of months at creation.
    • The 30-day creation month for the commencement of His monthly and yearly worship statutes;
    • The 30-day lunar month for the agricultural ordinances to bless the earth and mankind with food and water; seasons for planting and harvesting of the land; tides to bless the seas. (Deut 33:14 H3391)

A Scriptural Pattern and the Moon

This Pattern has many repetitions:

  • Perfection – Devastation – Restoration

Examples for this pattern:

  1. First day of Creation
  2. Adam and Eve
  3. YaHuWaH’s people and their disobedience
  4. Creation Moon; Hezekiah’s miracle altered the moon cycle 3300 years after creation; the moon will be restored in the new Earth.

#2 Creation Months



Earlier we mentioned YaHuWaH has two different kinds of creation months.

  • Festal Month
  • Moon Month

Both types of months had 30 days each.

Next: A simple examination of the 1st week of creation.

1st Day of Creation Begins YaHuWaH’s Calendar

#3 Lunar Months

(aside from Creation Week)



At Creation, there was no such thing as a Sidereal or Synodic Lunar Month.

This happened with Hezekiah’s Sundial Event – 701 BC (or 3300 years after creation).

3 Scripture Witnesses:

2 Kings 20:9-11

2 Chron 32:24

Isaiah 38:7-8

YaHuWaH’s Special Significant Numbers

The Scriptures speak of some very special numbers which are significant for YaHuWaH’s purposes. Some examples are:

1                 2                 3                 4                 7                 10               12               24               30               42                   50              

 70          100             120             400             430             490             1000           and             144,000

Consider these numbers: 27.3 and 29.5

Are they part of YaHuWaH’s numbering system?

Two Different Lunar Months Today

  • Sidereal Month [alignment with the stars]

The time it takes for the moon to complete one orbit of Earth; an average of 27.3 days.

  • Synodic Month [alignment with sun and moon phase]

The time it takes the moon to reach the same visual phase an average of 29.5 days and 29 phases.

Lunar Sidereal and Synodic Periods

  • The Moon’s sidereal orbital period (or sidereal month) is 27.3 days.
    • This is the time interval that the Moon takes to complete its 360° orbit of the Earth relative to the ‘fixed’ stars.
  • The period of the lunar phases (the synodic month), e.g. the full moon to full moon period, is longer at 29.5 days.
    • At New Moon, the Moon has extended its orbit for a total of 390° to align with the Sun again – thus completing the synodic month.

Can you answer this question?

Which month is the true lunar month according to the Rabbis?

  • Sidereal Month?
  • Synodic Month?

Most feast calendars that use the moon month mark the new moon day according to a particular moon phase, not the completion of the Sidereal Month cycle.

The Synodic Month and the great (13) cover-up.

They Synodic month produces a 13th month about every 3 years. It is definitely linked to the festal worship statutes of every moon-based calendar. The Sidereal month produces a 13th month every year.

What was your answer to this question?

Did YaHuWaH change His mind and give His people a ‘new’ set-apart month with 27.3 days, or 29.5 days a month?

Answer: 27.3 and 29.5 do not seem to be part of YaHuWaH’s numbering system?

Can you answer another question?

How did the synodic moon cycle ever receive custody of the festal month?

It was closer to YaHuWaH’s 30 day month!

The history of the Synodic Month and its attachment to worship and religious service has deep roots with the pagans (first) then eventually adopted by YaHuWaH’s rebellious leaders and people.

Continue here to Part 4

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

rYm Covenant

To the Torah and to the witness! If they do not speak according to this Word, it is because they have no daybreak [light]. Yeshayahu (Isaiah) 8:20


Leave a Comment!

%d bloggers like this: