From Exodus 12 Pesach/Passover to Exodus 20 Shavuot/Pentecost
YaHuWaH’s Calendar addresses all components for the Day, Month, and Year according to YaHuWaH’s divine design (not man’s traditions).
This study introduces the month-start and month-length.
Exodus 12 – 1st Month
Preparation for Egyptian Deliverance – Pesach/Passover –
This is a very important chapter. Everything starts right here for understanding the month-start.
However, we cannot be firm about all dates until we work to the end of Exodus 19 with information from the 3rd month.
Remember, we are using the calculations of 30 days/month according to the information given in Genesis 7-8:
- 5 months = 150 days
- (Gen 7:11, 8:4 and Gen 7:24; 8:3)
Important Note about the Placement of Pesach/Passover
Abib 1 must begin on Wednesday, the 4th day of the week (in THIS year 2017 ONLY).
This selection has not been ‘pulled out of thin air’.
Such a placement is divinely appointed by YaHuWaH with the command of ‘3 days’ travel’ to accurately determine several appointed times in this study as:
- ‘weekday’ of Exodus 12 Pesach/Passover
- ‘manna week’ of Exodus 16
- ‘Shavuot/Pentecost date’ of Exodus 19 (which will also confirm the ‘Firstfruits date’ of Exodus 12).
Scriptural Clues to Discover Timing
YaHuWaH does not repeat things of ‘no great consequence’.
Remember Pharaoh’s dream of the 7 cows and 7 heads of grain in Genesis 41:17-31 indicating the 7 years of plenty, then the 7 years of famine.
Berĕshith (Genesis) 41:32 then says: “And the dream was repeated to Pharaoh twice because the word is established by Elohim, and Elohim is hastening to do it.”
If a command that is repeated twice is important, what about a command that is repeated 3 times?
A Command Given by YaHuWaH 3 Times
In preparation for the flight from Egypt, the ‘length of the departure’ is given THREE times with the reason as to why.
1st command in Exodus 3:18 YaHuWaH tells Moses: “And they shall listen to your voice. And you shall come, you and the elders of Yisra’ĕl, to the sovereign of Mitsrayim, and you shall say to him, ‘יהוה Elohim of the Hebrews has met with us. And now, please, let us go three days’ journey into the wilderness to slaughter to יהוה our Elohim.’”
Shemoth (Exodus) 3:18
2nd command in Exodus 5:3 is from Moses to Pharaoh: “And they said, “The Elohim of the Hebrews has met with us. Please, let us go three days’ journey into the wilderness and slaughter to יהוה our Elohim, lest He fall upon us with pestilence or with the sword.””
Shemoth (Exodus) 5:3
3rd command in Exodus 8:27 is Moses’ reminder to Pharaoh: “Let us go three days’ journey into the wilderness, then we shall slaughter to יהוה our Elohim, as He commands us.”
Shemoth (Exodus) 8:27
YaHuWaH’s Command is Very Specific
YaHuWaH fully intended a minimum of three cycles (days) of travel for the Hebrew nation before they were required to SAFELY SACRIFICE to Him.
This point is extremely crucial to recognize.
But Pharaoh suggested another option.
What did Pharaoh suggest?
“Pharaoh then called for Mosheh and Aharon, and said, “Go, slaughter to your Elohim in the land.” Shemoth (Exodus) 8:25
“And Mosheh said, “It is not right to do so, for we would be slaughtering the abomination of the Mitsrites to יהוה our Elohim. See, if we slaughter the abomination of the Mitsrites before their eyes, would they not stone us?” Shemoth (Exodus) 8:26
“Let us go three days’ journey into the wilderness, then we shall slaughter to יהוה our Elohim, AS HE COMMANDS US.” Shemoth (Exodus) 8:27
The ‘3-day command’ is Absolute!
Why? The sacrificing of animals ‘in the land’ [that were considered sacred by the Egyptians] would be a serious offense to them.
YaHuWaH knew Yisra’El would need 3 cycles of travel, before any sacrificing to eliminate additional problems.
Under high stress created by YaHuWaH, Pharaoh accepted this reasoning but only after losing his son and the nation’s firstborn of each home.
The Next Important Consideration
In order to have 3 cycles of travel into the wilderness, without violating the weekly Sabbath, it is impossible for Pesach/Passover to land on cycles 4 to 7 (or Wed, Thurs, Fri and Sabbath).
- The following Scriptural evidence will show beyond any doubt that the Pesach/Passover or Moses was celebrated on Tuesday; with departure on Wednesday morning.
How can we know for sure?
By the placement of:
- The day of departure;
- 3 days of travel;
- The time of crossing the Red Sea;
- Determining which day is the Sabbath;
- The placement of Firstfruits for the purpose of …
- The count of 7 Sabbaths to Shavuot/Pentecost
Three Days’ Journey Before Crossing the Red Sea
Promise of Deliverance From the Egyptians
“And the Mitsrites pursued them, and all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen and his army, and overtook them camping by the sea beside Pi Haḥiroth [This is on Abib 17], before Ba‛al Tsephon.” Shemoth (Exodus) 14:9
“And Mosheh said to the people, “Do not be afraid. Stand still, and see the deliverance of יהוה, which He does for you today [Abib 17]. For the Mitsrites whom you see today [Abib 17], you are never, never to see again.” Shemoth (Exodus) 14:13
Note: Sunset Theory claims the day begins at sunset.
- When will the salvation of YaHuWaH occur?
- Will salvation be realized before the sunset (on Abib 17)… or
- Will Yisra’El’s experience of ‘Salvation Today’ (KJV) actually be realized at the break of Dawn, the true ending of the ‘today’… on the 17th?
- WILL THE SCRIPTURES TELL US EXACTLY WHAT ‘DAY’ YISRA’EL WAS DELIVERED, SO THERE IS ABSOLUTELY NO MISUNDERSTANDING?
- IS YAHUWAH’S CALENDAR THAT PRECISE?
Deliverance Before Sabbath Dawn
Patterns in the Scriptures Are Abundant
- There are many that believe our Messiah died on a Friday cross.
- They also believe this is supported with a Friday Passover in Exodus 12.
- They believe this because it seems to be a pattern.
Is there any possible way the Exodus 12 Pesach/Passover could have been on a Friday?
Let’s examine the evidence one more time.
No Possibility of Friday Pesach/Passover in Egypt
Song of Moses and Song of Miriam
- Red Sea crossing all night with YaHuWaH’s bright cloud guiding the way must have been exciting.
- Deliverance from the Egyptians just before DAWN must have been exciting.
- Is there any wonder Exodus 15 records the Song of Moses and the Song of Miriam?
- Abib 18 on the other side of the Red Sea was the weekly 7th Day Sabbath.
- It was a day of Praise and Worship. Exodus 15:20 records all the women went after Miriam with timbrels and dancing.
Do you think the people were traveling Sabbath? Absolutely not! Not when the ladies are celebrating the recent deliverance and salvation.
Exodus 16 – 2nd Month
Arrival of Quail the 1st Time – Manna Week –
- We have not established with clarity the timing of Pesach/Passover in the month of Abib yet.
- Exodus 16 has the next timing clue.
- In this 2nd month, we are still counting the 7 Sabbaths, looking for 7 completed weeks before Shavuot/Pentecost.
- Next is an investigation of the exact ‘day’ and ‘date’ for the arrival of quail and manna in the 2nd month (ziw/zif).
- Exodus 16:1 declares Yisra’El entered the Wilderness of Sin on the 15th day of the 2nd
- Counting 30 days from Wednesday Abib 15 we can pinpoint with exactness which day they arrived in the Wilderness of Sin. (We are still implementing an assumption!)
- Remember, there’s no traveling on the 7th day Sabbath, ever!
30 Day Count from Abib 15 to Ziw/Zif 15
Arrival in the Wilderness of Sin
Abib 15-30 = 15 days – Ziw/Zif 1-15 = 15 days
What was the Murmuring all about?
Qualifications of Sacrificial Animals
- The life of the Hebrew people revolved somewhat around the sacrifices. Every man, without exception, was responsible for their part and the men with families were also responsible for the entire family.
- In the Levitical laws, if a family desired flesh for a meal, they were required to offer the animal at the Tabernacle as a sacrifice to Elohim as the primary step before eating the flesh. Clearly, every meal of flesh was a type of sacrifice of some sort.
- Question: Would this mean that the ‘sacrificial animals’ (before the Exodus) would have been offered first at the individual family altar before partaking of it for dinner table food?
- Is this a requirement of Covenant? … of the Law of the Altar?
- Would the sacrifices that Abraham prepared in Genesis 15 be a clue?
Laws for Using Sacrificial Animals as Food
A Few Facts About Quail
Was Yisra’El clamoring for quail as the fleshpots of Egypt?
- The quail is known for its very tender, juicy meat – delicate to the desires of taste buds.
- The spring was also the time of the year that quail migrate north in large numbers
- Due to the long migration path, and being a heavy bird, they tire easily, will fly low to the ground, and can be easily caught.
- They also fly in large groups – sort of like locusts … bedding down for the night just before sundown, resting in groups of 75+ for safety.
- Quail delicacies were an Egyptian treat in the spring of the year. They were easy to catch and easily preserved by drying in the hot sun.
- Could this information fit the context of fleshpots?
- Quail are not mentioned as one of the listed sacrificial animals that would first have to be offered as a sacrifice before partaking of it.
Arrival of the Quail
The quail arrive to satisfy the ‘flesh pot’ desires of the people. Arrival of the quail would be typical for this time of the year.
The Quail Arrive on Sabbath Ziw/Zif 16 and are Devoured the Same Day!
How do we reconcile the fact that Quail arrived on Sabbath, and the people are promised they will eat them before the Sabbath day ends at DAWN the next day? Is this a violation of the weekly Sabbath?
Arrival of the Quail (before the Manna)
- Like most other fowl, quail typically bed down for the night just shortly before sundown. They usually do not ‘roost’ but will huddle together in large groups of 75 with other quail for protection. Feeding times are normally early in the morning, and evening.
- It is very reasonable to understand the arrival of the quail in the evening hours of the day. Flying low, they would be easy to catch.
- It is also obvious there was ‘work involved’ to catch, kill, and cook the quail on the Sabbath hours that did not end till the DAWN of the next day.
- Did YaHuWaH ‘tempt His people’ or just ‘answer their charge’ that it was His responsibility to take care of them, even if it was to fulfill their sinful desires they had been clamoring for?
- Often YaHuWaH gives us what we ask for, even when it is not best for us. It is quite obvious these rebellious people were working on the Sabbath. At this point it seems they cared little about the set-apartness of the Sabbath.
- The passage is clear on identifying that this problem is with Yisra’El, not just the great multitude of the Egyptians. This was the reason why YaHuWaH had to implement the week of manna structure. They simply did not know the proper way to observe the Sabbath.
Was Quail Preparation a Violation of Sabbath?
- Let’s read the following verse first:
- “And he said to them, “This is what יהוה has said, ‘Tomorrow is a rest, a Sabbath set-apart to יהוה. That which you bake, bake; and that which you cook, cook. And lay up for yourselves all that is left over, to keep it until morning.’ ” Shemoth (Exodus) 16:23
- Moses gave very strict commands for Sabbath observance regarding food preparation. Absolutely, no cooking or baking.
- The complete Sabbath day cycle is from Sabbath DAWN to the break of DAWN on the 1st However, Quails were available for cooking during the Day Season of the Sabbath evening hours.
- According to these instructions, it appears Yisra’El was in violation of dishonoring the Sabbath with the quail preparations. However, the context of verse 23 is 6 days later, given on Ziw/Zif 22. The quail arrived on Ziw/Zif 16.
- The question is this: Even if ‘some’ of Yisra’El knew about these Sabbath requirements, would YaHuWaH hold all of them responsible (for complete Sabbath observance) when His full instructions had not been given yet?
- Or would He ‘wink’ at their ignorance this time?
- No, He did not wink, because He had not given them full instructions yet.
Note: 4th Week of the count of 7 Sabbaths is now complete.
- Ziw/Zif 16 (Sabbath) Quail Arrive
- Exodus 16:13 (a) And it came to be that quails came up at evening and covered the camp
The First Manna Week
The Importance of the First Manna Week
Counting from a Tuesday Pesach/Passover of Abib 14, the Scriptural timing places the first arrival of the manna on the morning of the 1st day of the week. This established the pattern of: ‘work six days, rest on the seventh’. What would happen with a Wednesday or Friday Pesach/Passover in the month of Abib?
This completes Section #2 and a few of the high points for the 2nd month to demonstrate the perfect Manna Week.
Manna fell for the first time on the 1st day of the week, so six days of gathering was completed before the Sabbath, establishing the pattern in the Creation week.
Let’s review this information on the Abib and Ziw/Zif calendars before we move to Sivan – the 3rd month.
Notice, both months have 30 days/month. This never happens with a Lunar Calendar, or the Roman Calendar!
Note: 5th Week of the counting of 7 Sabbaths is now complete.
Exodus 19 – 3rd Month
Preparation for Receiving the Lew – Shavuot/Pentecost –
- We have not established with clarity the timing of Pesach/Passover in the month of Abib yet.
- Exodus 16 had the 2nd timing clue with the arrival of the manna.
- In this 3rd month, we will be completing the count of the 7 Sabbaths, looking for 7 completed weeks before Shavuot/Pentecost.
- Next is an investigation of the exact ‘day’ and ‘date’ of Yisra’El’s arrival into the Wilderness of Sinai, and the exact ‘day’ and ‘date’ of the 50th day – Shavuot/Pentecost, also declaring the dating of Firstfruits!
- Calendar Clues: Exodus 19:1 states Yisra’El entered the Wilderness of Sinai on a very specific day of the 3rd
Which Day Did Yisra’El Enter the Wilderness of Sinai?
We are now ready to examine the calendar for Sivan, the 3rd month.
Exo 19:1 In the third month after the children of Yisra’ĕl had come out of the land of Mitsrayim, on this [same] day they came to the Wilderness of Sinai.
There are calendar clues in this verse to tell us where to begin with our count – as we are still searching for firm dates for Pesach/Passover and Shavuot/Pentecost. Verse 1 tells us Yisra’El entered the Wilderness of Sinai on this [same] day that they departed from Egypt. They departed from Egypt on Wednesday, Abib 15. There are only two options: Sivan 15, or a Wednesday! Which will it be?
Entering the Wilderness of Sinai
- Exodus 19:1 Exo 19:1 In the third month after the children of Yisra’ĕl had come out of the land of Mitsrayim, on this day [a Wed. or the 15th] they came [entered] to the Wilderness of Sinai.
The 7 Sabbaths count for Sivan 1 is Day #43 of 50. Because Shavuot/Pentecost is on the 50th Day, we can automatically eliminate Sivan 15 as one of the choices for when Yisra’El entered the Wilderness of Sinai. It’s not before Shavuot/Pentecost and not a Wednesday!
Let’s choose Sivan 4th as the ‘day and date’ Yisra’El entered the Wilderness of Sinai. Keep in mind, Yisra’El is NOT at the foot of Mt Sinai yet.
At the foot of Mount Sinai – Sivan 5
Exodus 19:2 announces Yisra’El is at the foot of Mt Sinai. This is count #47.
22a. Exodus 19:2 Exo 19:2 For they set out from Rephiḏim, and had come to the Wilderness of Sinai, and camped in the wilderness. So Yisra’ĕl camped there before the mountain.
Moses’ first encounter at Mt Sinai was at the burning bush. This 2nd encounter at Mt Sinai is a trip UP the mountain. YaHuWaH has some instructions for Moses, as Melchizedek Priest, to give to the people in preparation for a great event in a few days. (This is Moses’ 2nd encounter at Mt Sinai, being labeled as Trip #2.)
Moses Descends Mount Sinai – Sivan 5
Moses receives YaHuWaH’s Covenant proposal to give to the people.
Moses Ascends Mount Sinai – Sivan 6
Moses takes the words of the people back to YaHuWaH; they accept His Covenant proposal.
Note the 3 clues given on Sivan: today, tomorrow, and the 3rd day.
Moses Descends Mount Sinai – Sivan 6
Moses brings back to the people the next set of instructions from YaHuWaH.
‘Tomorrow’ is the Sabbath on Sivan 7th. This completes the count of the 7 Sabbaths. 7 perfect weeks.
Sabbath at Mount Sinai – Sivan 7
Note: The 7th Week of the count of 7 Sabbaths is now complete.
- On the ‘tomorrow’ Sabbath of Sivan 7, the people rest and worship. Sabbath is the 49th day of the count of 7 Sabbaths. But the 3rd day is very special!
YaHuWaH’s Covenant Instructions for the Count from Firstfruits to Shavuot/Pentecost.
Lev 23:15 ‘And from the morrow after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, you shall count for yourselves: seven completed Sabbaths.
Lev 23:16 ‘Until the morrow after the seventh Sabbath you count fifty days, then you shall bring a new grain offering to יהוה.
Even though these instructions were written after Exodus 19, they are part of YaHuWaH’s Covenant from the beginning. Because Firstfruits follows the H7676 weekly Sabbath, Shavuot/Pentecost will also follow the H7676 weekly Sabbath days later.
Forward to Shavuot/Pentecost at Mount Sinai – Sivan 8
The count of 7 Sabbaths finishes with the 50th Day.
We’ve completed this part of the study, so let’s see if we really can determine the days and dates for Pesach/Passover, Firstfruits, the Manna Week and Shavuot/Pentecost.
Facts for the Calendar Count from Exodus 12 Pesach/Passover to Exodus 19 Shavuot/Pentecost
- The timing for Sivan 8th – the day of Shavuot/Pentecost is perfect.
- We can now work the calendar timing from Pesach/Passover ‘forward’ (or from Shavuot/Pentecost ‘backward’) to establish the exact ‘days of the week’ and ‘dates of the month’ for all the important events from Exodus 12 to Exodus 19.
- Pesach/Passover on Abib 14 must be on a Tuesday, to allow for three days’ travel before the Sabbath.
- The proper placement of Firstfruits is on Abib 19, the day following the weekly Sabbath in the week of the spring festival.
- Firstfruits begins the 50-day count towards Shavuot/Pentecost, which must also be placed on the day following the weekly Sabbath.
- Exodus 16 tells us the exact ‘day and date’ of the arrival of the quail, and the first 6 days of the Manna week. Indeed, the Manna is gathered for a full 6 days, verifying the lesson, ‘gather 5 days, and double on the 6th day and no gathering on the Sabbath’.
- Exodus 19 gave us several clues as to exactly when Yisra’El entered the Wilderness of Sinai, and when they arrived at the foot of Mt Sinai. The very specific clues that were given to Moses on his trips up Mt Sinai were:
- ‘today, tomorrow and the 3rd day’ – be ready for the 3rd day!
- The 3rd day was Shavuot/Pentecost.
The calendar study is complete and perfect!